Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Gingivitis and Periodontitis

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How is it determined?

An instrument is use to measure pockets around the teeth. The higher the number, the deeper it goes and the worse it is.

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Gingivitis

This condition exists when the gums are swollen, red and bleeding because of too much plaque, calculus and bacteria. The bone however is healthy.

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Periodontitis

This condition exists when the gums are swollen and red & when the bone is also inflamed.

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Plaque and calculus

Plaque is soft and easily removed by brushing. Calculus or tartar is hard and needs to be professionally removed.

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Regular Cleaning vs Deep Cleaning.

A regular cleaning (or prophylaxis cleaning) does not need numbing. A deep cleaning (or Scaling and Root Planing) needs numbing and is done under the gums.

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